By Lee Allphin, Employer Advantage Founder and Chairman of the Board
As part of Employer Advantage’s comprehensive suite of HR management and outsourcing services (HR, Payroll, Health & Benefits, Safety), we are assisting our clients in determining their best path during, and after, the Coronavirus pandemic. Please contact us if you would like assistance with any of your Employee Administration and Compliance responsibilities: Info@EmployerAdvantage.com | 877.476.9520
As employers await the new rule for mandatory COVID-19 vaccinations by the Occupational Safety Hazards Act (OSHA) as part of the Coronavirus Emergency Temporary Standard (ETS), confusion is mounting for businesses struggling to navigate the Religious Exemption employees may choose to take to avoid vaccination.
The new rule, requiring all businesses with 100 or more employees vaccinate their workforce or produce weekly negative test results before any unvaccinated employees can come to work, is part of the “Path Out of the Pandemic” plan – estimated to impact 80 million workers, or two-thirds of the country’s workforce. Employers who ignore the new standard could face OSHA citations and penalties of up to $14,000 per violation.
A Dilemma for Employers
The right to seek a religious exemption originates with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which protects workers from discrimination based on religion, among other things. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) says employers must provide reasonable accommodations for workers who have sincerely held religious beliefs – unless doing so poses an undue hardship.
Even though, to date, there are no major religions opposing the COVID-19 vaccine, many employees around the country are fighting back against a mandate and have, or plan to, use the Religious Exemption to exercise their religious freedom in refusing to get vaccinated.
Employer Guidance Regarding Religious Exemption from the COVID-19 Vaccination
While the right to claim this exemption is clear, the employer has responsibilities that may override this claim. Here are some employment approaches to consider:
- Employees cannot jeopardize the health and safety of another employee, even if that risk may appear to an unvaccinated employee as minimal.
- While it is true that an employer must make “a reasonable accommodation” for religious beliefs, an employer decides what the accommodation will be.
- Giving unpaid leave to unvaccinated workers while a workplace risk exists appears to be an approach many employers are taking to satisfy the law without permanent employee termination.
- Educating employees with fact-based information is always advisable to help dispel and counteract misinformation. For example, the COVID-19 vaccination does not contain any fetal tissue. For decades, the pharmaceutical industry has used old fetal cell lines during research and development, as is the case with the coronavirus vaccine and many common over-the-counter medications such as Tylenol, ibuprofen, Claritin, and Tums – to name a few.
- If 100% vaccinations are out the question, weekly COVID tests on the unvaccinated should be easy to take, and report, so that workplace efficiencies are maintained along with the health and safety of others.
- Employers can legally question the validity of a religious exemption, many of which are based on false information. However, this approach has a judgmental assessment, which can lead to unintended morale problems affecting other employees.
See our other helpful blog on this topic: EMPLOYER UPDATE | Managing New Government COVID-19 Vaccination Mandates
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A New Path to HR Bliss – Trusted for more than 30 years, Employer Advantage frees you from the administrative and compliance burdens of having employees so you can focus on your business success. Versatile enough for companies of all sizes, our unique service combines comprehensive management of your employee administration and compliance with the latest software solutions, tailored to meet your individual needs and company culture. Our full-service management of Human Resources, Payroll, Health and Benefits, Workplace Safety and more, enhance your profitability while reducing the costs and risks associated with employment law compliance. We provide your employees with top-notch assistance and benefits that help you increase productivity, save time and money, and attract and retain a talented workforce. And for small and mid-sized businesses, we bring you economy of scale with access to Fortune-500-level benefits, specialty assistance, and savings that would not be possible to attain on your own. Headquartered in the Midwest and serving more than 500 companies and 10,000 worksite employees throughout the country, Employer Advantage is an IRS-Certified Professional Employer Organization (PEO) (CPEO). Experienced, certified, and trusted. www.EmployerAdvantage.com